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Antworten zum Arbeitsblatt: Bundesländer und deutsche Geschichte

A. Bundesländer und Flüsse. Answer the questions about German states and rivers. You only need to write the name of the state or river (but spelling will count on the quiz!).

1.Welche drei Bundesländer sind auch Städte?  Hamburg, Bremen, Berlin
2.Von diesen drei in Frage 1, welches Bundesland ist am kleinsten?  Bremen
3.Was ist die Hauptstadt von der Bundesrepublik Deutschland?  Berlin
4.Welches Bundesland liegt ganz im Norden, an der Grenze mit Dänemark? (Hinweis (=hint): hier gibt es viele Kühe und viel Gras.)  Schleswig-Holstein
5.Welches Bundesland liegt ganz im Süden, und hat München als seine Hauptstadt? (Hinweis: hier trägt man Lederhosen und feiert das Oktoberfest.)  Bayern
6.Welches Bundesland im Osten hat die Städte Dresden und Leipzig? (Hinweis: der Name von diesem Bundesland erinnert an die ‘Anglo-Saxons’, die nach England kamen.)  Sachsen
7.Welches sehr kleine Bundesland im Süden liegt an der Grenze mit Frankreich, und war im Zweiten Weltkrieg bestrittenes (=contested) Land?  Saarland
8.Nennen Sie ein Bundesland, in dem der Rhein fließt.  Rheinland-Pfalz oder Nordrhein-Westfalen oder Baden-Württemberg
9.Welcher Fluss fließt durch Berlin?  die Spree
10.Welcher Fluss fließt durch Hamburg?  die Elbe
11.Welcher Fluss fließt im Süden, und geht weiter in Österreich?  die Donau


B. Definitionen. Find the correct definition or synonym for each word. (Only a few on the quiz!)

          N      1. die BRD                            a. ‘government’      
          M      2. die DDR                            b. eine Kathedrale oder Kirche      
          G      3. der Bund                            c. die ____ von Deutschland ist Berlin      
          K      4. das Bundesland                            d. eine Nation; ein souveränes Land      
          J      5. der Bürger                            e. die Mitte, das Mittelpunkt      
          I      6. die Grenze                            f. ‘freedom’      
          C      7. die Hauptstadt                            g. Allianz, Gruppe      
          L      8. der Krieg                            h. ‘peace’      
          B      9. der Dom                            i. ‘border’      
          F      10. die Freiheit                            j. eine Person, die in einem Land wohnt      
          H      11. der Frieden                            k. Bayern, Hessen, Wisconsin, oder Indiana      
          D      12. der Staat                            l. ‘war’      
          A      13. die Regierung                            m. Ost-Deutschland      
          E      14. das Zentrum                            n. West-Deutschland      

          R      15. auswandern                            o. ‘to take place, happen’      
          U      16. erlauben                            p. ‘to divide’      
          S      17. gewinnen                            q. ‘to vote for’      
          O      18. stattfinden                            r. ‘to emigrate’      
          P      19. teilen                            s. ‘to win’      
          V      20. verlieren                            t. ‘to destroy’      
          Q      21. wählen                            u. ‘to allow’      
          T      22. zerstören                            v. ‘to lose’      


C. Wortschatz: Deutsche Geschichte. Choose a word from the list and fill in the blanks correctly.

    Bundestag     •     geteilt     •     gewonnen     •     Grenzen     •     Hauptstadt     •     Macht     •     Mauer    
    Reich     •     Republik     •     verboten     •     Weltkrieg     •     Wende     •     Wiedervereinigung    


Im Jahre 1918 begann in Deutschland die Weimarer Republik. Zum ersten Mal war Deutschland eine Demokratie. Das Parlament hieß damals (=back then) der Reichstag, aber heute heißt das deutsche Parlament der Bundestag. Die Hauptstadt von dieser Republik war Berlin. Aber im Jahre 1933 kam Hitler an die Macht in Deutschland: er wurde der Führer der Nationalsozialisten. Man nannte diesen Staat “das dritte Reich”, obwohl Hitler kein König oder Kaiser war. Im Jahre 1939 begann der zweite Weltkrieg, in dem die Alliierten (USA, Frankreich, Großbritannien und Russland) gegen die Achse (Deutschland, Italien, und Japan) kämpften. Als dieser dann 1945 zu Ende war, haben die Alliierten gewonnen: sie waren die Sieger. Dann wurde Deutschland in vier Zonen geteilt: eine im Osten, und drei im Westen. Später wurde eine hohe und lange Mauer aus Beton (=made of concrete) mitten in Berlin gebaut, und es war verboten, vom Osten in den Westen zu reisen. So blieb die Situation bis 1989: dann wurden endlich die Grenzen geöffnet, und die Leute konnten frei reisen. Diese Zeit (1989-90) nennt man die Wende, weil in Deutschland alles anders wurde. Die offizielle Wiedervereinigung der BRD und der DDR fand im Jahre 1990 statt.


D. Begriffe: Deutsche Geschichte. Define five (5) of the following people, things, or years IN ENGLISH. A short description is enough, but do make sure you adequately explain the significance of each item.

    die Besatzungszone     •     die Mauer     •     die Weimarer Republik     •     der Bundestag     •     die Luftbrücke    
    das Grundgesetz     •     die NSDAP     •     die Wende     •     die Alliierten     •     Preußen     •     der Marshallplan    
    Gerhard Schröder     •     Otto von Bismarck     •     Kaiser Wilhelm     •     Friedrich II.     •     Adolf Hitler    
    1740     •     1871     •     1918     •     1933     •     1945     •     1949     •     1961     •     1989     •     1998    


 die Besatzungszone: "Occupied territory" -- in particular the four sections of Germany that were under Allied control after World War II, from 1945-1949. The Soviet Union had control of the Eastern zone (what became the DDR), and the West was divided into the British zone (North), American zone (South), and French zone (Western middle).
 die Mauer: The Berlin Wall, built in 1961 by the East German government, ostensibly to protect their citizens from the West but in reality to stop the massive emigrations from East to West. The wall was built through the center of Berlin along the established East-West division, and on the Eastern side, a no-man's land with armed guardtowers was established to prevent citizens from attempting to climb over the wall.
 die Weimarer Republik: The brief but vibrant German republic that lasted from 1918 to 1932. This was Germany's first taste of true democracy (it had been a monarchy previously), and was generally a good political system, but couldn't deal with the social and economic problems of the late 1920's (rising unemployment, inflation, and the rise of the Nazi party). The last chancellor of the Weimar Republic, Hindenburg, handed power over to Hitler in 1933.
 der Bundestag: The name of the modern German parliament, which (confusingly) meets in the building called the Reichstag. The Bundestag is a standard European-style parliament, with two chambers, and all representatives are elected by German voters.
 die Luftbrücke: The Berlin airlift. This occured in 1948, shortly before the founding of the two Germanies. In essence, West-Berlin was cut off because the Soviets refused to allow overland access into the East. Because Westberliners couldn't get daily supplies from anywhere, they had to be supplied via airplanes from the western zones. This was a massive effort: at its peak, 32 planes were in the air at all times travelling back and forth, and a plane was taking off and landing every 90 seconds. The airlift started on June 25, 1948, and lasted over a year, until September 30, 1949!
 das Grundgesetz: Germany's constitution, which they call the "basic law". It was written in 1949 with a lot of help from the western Allies, and is still in use today for the reunified Germany. Although there are some interesting differences, much of it is similar to our consitituion in terms of guaranteeing basic human rights and privileges.
 die NSDAP: The 'national socialist German workers' party' -- the Nazi party. They were elected democratically in 1932 in a landslide majority, and therefore had control of parliament. In 1933, the chancellor Hindenburg voluntarily handed complete power to Hitler (the party leader), thereby dissolving the Weimar Republik.
 die Wende: Literally, a 'turning point' -- when applied to German history, this refers to the years 1989-90, as the Wall fell, the borders between East and West were opened, and Germany was reunified.
 die Alliierten: The allies in World War II, namely: the USA, Great Britain, France, and Russia (later the Soviet Union). Their opponents were the so-called "Axis" (Achse) powers, Germany, Italy, and Japan.
 Preußen: Prussia. Not to be confused with Russia! Prussia was a German kingdom that covered most of modern-day Germany (primarily in the North) but also included large sections of modern-day Poland and a few other areas. It was the largest German kingdom (there were hundreds of smaller kingdoms and principalities), and often struggled for power with the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which controlled the southern areas of the German-speaking lands. The Hohenzollerns were one of the royal houses of Prussia, and Friedrich II. was of this house.
 der Marshallplan: The Marshall Plan, which was put into place after World War II, from 1947 until 1952. This was a large-scale economic and cultural aid package from the USA, in essence 'nation-building' for Germany. The USA gave millions of dollars in pure aid, and also set up trade agreements and cultural/political education aid to West Germany. Although it had a rocky start, the Marshall Plan is generally considered to be the primary reason for West Germany's extrememly successful economy during the 1950s and 1960s.
 Gerhard Schröder: The current German chancellor (Bundeskanzler), elected in 1998 and reelected in 2002. His party is the liberal Social Democrat Party (SPD).
 Otto von Bismarck: The German chancellor (Kanzler) under Kaiser Wilhelm, who united all of the small kingdoms and principalities into the first German nation in 1871.
 Kaiser Wilhelm: The emperor (originally King of Prussia (Preußen) then Emperor of all Germany) who was the monarch at the founding of the first united German state. He didn't actually cause unification (Bismarck did most of the work), but he was the leader of the resulting nation. His son (Kaiser Wilhelm II.) was the last German emperor, who abdicated the throne at the tail end of World War I.
 Friedrich II.: Also called Friedrich der Große (Frederick the Great), he was the king of Prussia and therefore the most powerful monarch in Germany at the time. He ascended the throne in 1740. He's generally considered the most influential German monarch, due in part to a number of successful wars, and also good governmental policies and cultural advancements.
 Adolf Hitler: Orginally born in Austria, Hitler moved to Munich as a young man and rose to power in the National Socialist Party. When the NSDAP was voted into power in 1933, Hitler became Kanzler (chancellor) of Germany and a few months later seized power as 'der Führer'.
 1740: Frederick the Great (Friedrich II. or Friedrich der Große) ascended the throne in Prussia.
 1871: The year when Germany was united for the first time, under Chancellor Otto von Bismarck.
 1918: The end of World War I and the founding of the Weimar Republic in Germany.
 1933: Hitler's ascension to head of Germany. His party (the NSDAP) was elected in 1932, and he was given total control of the state in early 1933.
 1945: The end of World War II, the liberation of Berlin and many concentration camps, and the start of the Occupied Territories (Besatzungszonen).
 1949: The founding of both West Germany (die BRD) and East Germany (die DDR), a month apart.
 1961: The Berlin Wall was built.
 1989: The Berlin Wall came down, and the borders to the West were opened for the first time since 1949. Official reunification took place in 1990.
 1998: Gerhard Schröder was elected to be the German Chancellor (Bundeskanzler); he was re-elected for a second term in 2002 and is still in office. His predecessor, Helmut Kohl, was in office for sixteen years, from 1982 to 1998.


E. Genitivpräpositionen. Fill in the blank with the correct preposition. Each preposition will only be used once.

    anstatt     •     außerhalb     •     innerhalb     •     trotz     •     während     •     wegen    


1.Anstatt der Prüfung sehen wir morgen einen Film.
2.Wegen des Gewitters bleiben wir zu Hause. Morgen machen wir eine Radtour.
3.Unser Chef Herr Meier ist viel freundlicher außerhalb des Büros.
4.Trotz des schlechten Wetters sind wir in den Bergen wandern gegangen.
5.Ich möchte während der Sommerferien eine Reise nach Europa machen.
6.Es gibt Fußgängerzonen innerhalb der Altstadt, weil die Straßen zu klein sind.


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