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Arbeitsblatt: Wechselpräpositionen 1

anaufhinterinnebenüberuntervorzwischen

These prepositions take either the accusative or the the dative case.
1.Use accusative if there is a significant change of location/position. In other words, if the action has moved from one place to a different place, or a specific "border" has been crossed.
2.Use dative if the former does not occur, i.e. if the action is occurring in a confined, defined space.

Helpful ways to think about this:
1.English speakers usually distinguish between "in" and "into" in such sentences as:
The dog ran into the house.He moved into high circles.
The dog is in the house.He moved in high circles.
2.Most of the time, however, English speakers do not make this distinction, e.g.:
The dog ran under the car.The dog is under the car.
In this case, English does not distinguish between the "in"-situation and the "into"-situation. German makes this distinction (when using the two-way prepositions) by taking accusative for "into"-situations and dative for "in"-situations, e.g.:
Der Hund läuft unter das Auto.The dog is running under the car.
Der Hund liegt unter dem Auto.The dog is lying under the car.


Additional notes:
1.an and auf
an describes an area "leaning against and touching" or "by or at" the point of reference, e.g.:
Sie sitzen an dem Tisch.They are sitting "up against" or "at" the table.
auf describes an area "on top of" the point of reference, e.g.:
Sie sitzen auf dem Tisch.They are sitting on top of the table.
2.Some prepositions may have meanings beyond their "locational" ones, e.g.
Sie studiert an der Universität von Wisconsin.She studies at the University of Wisconsin.
3.Wo and Wohin
Wo means simply "where" -- a static location that is not in motion. Wohin means "to where" -- into which location is the object moving. When using a motion verb (and therefore using the accusative with the two-way prepositions), you must use "wohin" rather than the stationary "wo".
Wo bist du?Where are you?
Wohin gehst du?Where are you going?


Exercises:

A. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate definite articles.

1.Das Kind geht unter __________ Tisch (m.).
2.Das Kind ist unter __________ Tisch (m.).
3.Martin geht an __________ Fenster (n.).
4.Martin steht an __________ Fenster (n.).
5.Der Stuhl ist hinter __________ Schreibtisch (m.).
6.Das Auto fährt hinter __________ Haus (n.).
7.Das Auto steht vor __________ Haus (n.).
8.Dein Buch liegt neben __________ Zeitung (f.).
9.Er läuft zwischen __________ Stühle (pl.).
10.Er steht zwischen __________ Stühlen (pl.).


B. Fill in the blanks with the prepositions + nouns in the proper case. Remember to check whether the verb indicates motion or not! (Remember that ‘wo’ (location) vs. ‘wohin’ (motion) provides a big clue!)

1.Wo sitzt Großmutter?___________________________________ (at the table)
2.Wohin geht die Dame?___________________________________ (up to the window)
3.Wo ist mein Mantel?___________________________________ (on top of the bed)
4.Wohin laufen die Kinder?___________________________________ (onto the football field)
5.Wo ist der Regenschirm?___________________________________ (behind the door)
6.Wohin läuft der Hund?___________________________________ (behind the sofa)
7.Wo wohnt deine Mutter?___________________________________ (in this city)
8.Wohin fährt Onkel Thomas?___________________________________ (into the city)
9.Wo findet man die Bäckerei?___________________________________ (next to the supermarket)
10.Wohin wirfst du die Zeitung?___________________________________ (next to the chair)
11.Wo hängt die Lampe?___________________________________ (above the dresser)
12.Wohin willst du gehen?___________________________________ (across the street)
13.Wo schläft die Katze?___________________________________ (under the window)
14.Wohin soll ich meine Schuhe setzen?___________________________________ (under the bed)
15.Wo steht die Lehrerin?___________________________________ (in front of the table)
16.Wohin geht der Student?___________________________________ (to the front of the class)
17.Wo sitzt meine Tante?___________________________________ (between my brothers)
18.Wohin bringe ich das Sofa?___________________________________ (between the chairs)

C. Describe the picture below using two-way prepositions. First fill in the sample sentences, then write at least two of your own.

Bild für Präpositionen Nützliche Wörter:

das Dach = roof
das Gebäude = building
der Baum = tree
der Handschuh = glove
der Bürgersteig = sidewalk
klettern = to climb
springen = to jump
1.Eine Frau läuft __________________ __________ Haus.
2.Ein Hund liegt __________________ __________ Auto.
3.Ein anderer Hund steht __________________ __________ Dach (=roof, n.).
4.Die Kellnerin setzt das Essen __________________ __________ Tisch.
5.Eine Uhr hängt __________________ __________ Tür.
6.Ein Mann steht __________________ __________ Fenster.
7._________________________________________________________________________.
8._________________________________________________________________________.


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